On 9 September , the Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity issued the Sirte Declaration, calling for the establishment of an African Union, with a view, inter alia, toward accelerating the process of unity among countries of the continent, enabling it to better participate in the global economy and to better address social, economic and political problems. Since , three summits have been held to facilitate the implementation of the African Union AU. The Lusaka Summit drew the road map for the implementation of the AU. In structure, the OAU began as one entity, whereas the AU, integrating itself with the African Economic Community and building other structures, consists of: the Assembly determines common policies ; the Executive Council coordinates and makes decisions on common policies ; the Pan-African Parliament implements policies ; the Court of Justice ensures compliance with the law ; the Commission the secretariat ; the Permanent Representatives Committee assists the Executive Council ; the Specialized Technical Committees assist the Executive Council in substantive matters ; the Economic, Social and Cultural Council; the Peace and Security Council makes decisions on prevention, management and resolution of conflicts ; and the Financial Institutions consisting of the African Central Bank, the African Monetary Fund, and the African Investment Bank.
Countries by Continent :: African Countries - Nations Online Project
This is a list of African countries and dependent territories sorted by population , which is sorted by normalized demographic projections from the most recently available census or demographic data. Africa remains one of the world's fastest growing regions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. Ethiopia 8.
List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa
This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa. It includes both fully recognised states, states with limited or zero recognition, and dependent territories of both African and non-African states. It lists 56 sovereign states 54 of which are member states of the United Nations , two non-sovereign dependent territories of non-African sovereign states, and nine sub-national regions of non-African sovereign states.
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