An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the anus or anal canal the opening through which stool passes out of the body. The fissure can be painful and may bleed. Anal fissures can occur in anyone at any age. The chance of having an anal fissure decreases as people get older. People who have had fissures in the past are more likely to have them in the future. Anal fissures can be caused by trauma to the anus and anal canal.
Your doctor will likely ask about your medical history and perform a physical exam, including a gentle inspection of the anal region. Often the tear is visible. Usually this exam is all that's needed to diagnose an anal fissure. An acute anal fissure looks like a fresh tear, somewhat like a paper cut.
Back to Health A to Z. An anal fissure is a tear or open sore ulcer that develops in the lining of the large intestine, near the anus. Do not let embarrassment stop you seeking help. Anal fissures are a common problem GPs are used to dealing with. They can also tell you about self-help measures and treatments that can relieve your symptoms and reduce the risk of fissures coming back.
An anal fissure is a small tear of the skin around the back passage anus. An anal fissure that lasts more than six weeks is called a chronic anal fissure. It may not be an issue you make a habit of discussing with your friends, but lots of us get to learn about anal tears fissures the hard way. They're not usually serious but they are most definitely painful!