Other similar issues — such as low sperm motility movement , abnormal sperm shape morphology or low sperm progression speed — can also occur and make achieving pregnancy through intercourse difficult. Low sperm count can have a number of possible causes, including:. Understanding the cause of low sperm count is important in determining the best treatment options. Treatments can include medical therapy to treat infections, hormone replacement therapy or surgical options. Azoospermia, also known as zero sperm count, means that sperm are not present in the ejaculate. There are two types:.
Treatment for low sperm counts depends on the semen analysis findings but may include
Treatment for Low Sperm Counts - Fertility Treatments - Austin, San Antionio
When you see a TFC male fertility specialist, you will also add one more: sperm count. What most people refer to as a sperm count is actually a sperm concentration, as it represents the number of sperm present in one milliliter mL of semen. A standard semen analysis or sperm test actually measures three primary factors: sperm concentration, sperm motility or the percent of sperm that are actively swimming , and sperm morphology shape. While there are many other important factors involved in a semen analysis — such as seminal volume, the presence or absence of white blood cells, and the quality of sperm movement to name a few , most lay people focus on sperm concentration. Some cases may warrant a referral to a urologist who specializes in male fertility, and we work with the best ones in Central Texas. It may encourage you to know that through our collaborative approach, TFC can successfully treat nearly all cases of male factor infertility. Some cases can be treated with minor lifestyle changes, while others may require medication, surgery or laboratory assistance in the form of either intrauterine insemination IUI or in vitro fertilization IVF.
Back to Health A to Z. A low sperm count, also called oligozoospermia, is where a man has fewer than 15 million sperm per millilitre of semen. Having a low sperm count can make it more difficult to conceive naturally, although successful pregnancies can still occur. Problems with sperm, including a low sperm count and problems with sperm quality, are quite common. They're a factor in around 1 in 3 couples who are struggling to get pregnant.
When you see a doctor because you're having trouble getting your partner pregnant, he or she will try to determine the underlying cause. Even if your doctor thinks low sperm count is the problem, it is recommended that your partner be evaluated to rule out potential contributing factors and determine if assisted reproductive techniques may be required. This includes examination of your genitals and asking questions about any inherited conditions, chronic health problems, illnesses, injuries or surgeries that could affect fertility.